This study aimed to ascertain the effectiveness of using a combined treatment protocol of eliminating electromagnetic fields by use of the Farabloc technology and the exercise program of Mirror Therapy. The main hypothesis was that the combined treatment protocol would have a more significant effect than either treatment in isolation. Decreasing edema and the discomfort due to phantom limb pain would improve the functional activities and quality of life of vascular amputees with lower extremity amputations. This was found to be true.
Occupational Therapy Health Care, 2016
Phantom limb pain (PLP) is a painful sensation perceived in the missing limb after amputation. The underlying pathophysiology remains unclear. Until recently, only opioid analgesics have been proven to be effective in prospective studies. Anecdotally, patients with PLP employ self-help measures, sometimes including ‘wrapping up’ or rubbing their stump with aluminium foil for relief. Our hypothesis is that wrapping an amputation stump with aluminium foil perioperatively will prevent PLP in the postoperative period.
1) Improving Functional Outcomes for Vascular Amputees Through Innovative Technology
2) Innovative Technology to Improve Functional Outcomes for Vascular Amputees: Case Studies
3) The Absence of Electromagnetic Fields and Mirror Therapy to Reduce Vascular Amputee Phantom Limb PainVidant Hospital, Greenville, North Carolina, East Carolina University
by Houston, Helen, M.S., EAST CAROLINA UNIVERSITY, 2012, 109 pages; 1510513
The objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of combining two interventions, Farabloc technology to eliminate electromagnetic fields and Mirror Therapy to assist in the sensory cortex reorganization, to decrease or eliminate phantom limb pain in vascular amputees.
The findings were affirmed in the second review, listing Farabloc as an intervention supported by evidence for the management of PLP (Stannard et al., 2010).
(Nikolajsen, L. (2010) Phantom Limb Pain, in Evidence-Based Chronic Pain Management (eds C. F. Stannard, E. Kalso and J. Ballantyne), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK.
An article in the respected British peer reviewed journal Clinical Rheumatology, published in January, 2007, by Dr. G.L. Bach and Dr. D.B. Clement.
The goal of our study was to determine the efficacy of Farabloc, an electromagnetic shielding fabric compared to placebo fabric when worn as a nightgown, as an analgesic in patients hospitalized with fibromyalgia. In a rheumatologic and rehabilitation hospital, we performed a phase 1, single-blind study of patients using Farabloc (F) or placebo (P) gowns for 8 h per night during the 20-day hospitalization and a phase 2, single-blind crossover study of patients using both F and P gowns randomly and alternatively switching after 10 of 21 days hospitalization.
The objective was to examine the evidence to determine the optimal management of phantom limb pain in the preoperative and postoperative phase of amputations.
Trials were identified by a systematic search of MEDLINE, review articles, and references of relevant trials from the period 1966-1999, including only English-language articles. Included trials involved a control group, any intervention, and reported phantom pain as an outcome.
By Tali A. Conine, DHSc, PT; Cecil Hershler, MD, PhD, FRCP(C); Steacy A Alexander, BSc, PT; and Robert Crisp, BSc, PT, 1993. Canadian Journal of Rehabilitation, a clinical study undertaken by the University of British Columbia (1990 — 1992) and the British Columbia Ministry of Health.
by Yuh WT, Fisher DJ, Shields RK, Ehrhardt JC, Shellock FG. Journal of Magnetic Resonance (1992) Department of Radiology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, University of Iowa College of Medicine.
A study carried out in 1987 by Prof. G.L. Bach,M.D., formerly Professor and Chairman of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology at University of Loyola –Medical Division, currently affiliated with the University of Munich.